With regard to a safe, orderly and expeditious aerodrome traffic at uncontrolled aerodromes, rules are laid down for the standard aerodrome traffic circuit and circuit areas.
Approaching, joining and leaving the standard circuit, as well as the missed approach, has to be done in accordance with the following rules.
Due to local circumstances procedures could be deviating from the procedure for the standard circuit.
8.2 Standard aerodrome traffic circuit (see picture)
8.3 Names of the components
- Take-off leg
- Crosswind leg
- Downwind leg
- Base leg
- Final leg
8.4 Circuit area
The aerodrome circuit area is established for each runway. The lateral dimensions are also dependent on the local circumstances. The standard aerodrome traffic circuit as depicted above is situated within the aerodrome circuit area. The vertical dimensions extend from aerodrome level up to 1000 ft / 300 m AAL.
8.5 Circuit height
The standard aerodrome traffic circuit height is 700 ft / 210 m AAL.
8.6 Procedures (see figure)
- Climb to 700 ft / 210 m AAL. A climbing turn to crosswind leg is allowed, if necessary to stay within the aerodrome traffic circuit area.
- Fly horizontally at 700 ft / 210 m AAL.
- Maintain 700 ft / 210 m AAL at downwind leg.
- Make a descending turn at base leg so as to start the final approach from at least 300 ft / 91 m AAL.
- Make the final approach.
within the aerodrome traffic circuit it is not allowed to overtake other aircraft.
In case of an overshoot the pilot has to climb and join safely the aerodrome traffic circuit.
a shortened aerodrome traffic circuit is no longer prescribed, but may be flown if safety is guaranteed.
8.8 Joining the aerodrome traffic circuit
- Before executing the joining of the aerodrome traffic circuit, pilots have to take notice of the signals displayed in the signal area or of the information given by radio. Overflying the circuit area for observing the signal area shall be done at a height of at least 1000 ft / 300 m AAL.
- Descending or climbing to circuit height must be executed outside the lateral limits of the circuit area.
- The joining of the standard aerodrome traffic circuit shall take place half-way downwind leg at an interception angle of 90°.
8.9 Leaving the aerodrome traffic circuit
- Leaving of the aerodrome traffic circuit shall take place at an angle of 45° half-way crosswind leg unless local circumstances force to establish an other route which will be promulgated separately.
- Climbing or descending to cruising level must take place outside the lateral limits of the aerodrome circuit area.
When other aerodrome traffic is not hindered, the above mentioned rules do not apply:
- when other rules are determined, due to local circumstances.
- to banner-flights, specifically to this part of the flight regarding the hooking on, respectively disengaging of the towing banner.
- to crop-dusting flights with loaded crop-dusting aircraft, during take-off and leaving the circuit, and while sprinkling areas in the circuit area.
- to (simulated) forced landings.